The U.S. National Response Team (NRT) is an organization of 15 Federal departments and agencies responsible for coordinating emergency preparedness and response to oil and hazardous substance pollution incidents. The Environment Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) serve as Chair and Vice Chair respectively. The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) and the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR part 300) outline the role of the NRT and Regional Response Teams (RRTs). The response teams are also cited in various federal statutes, including Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) – Title III and the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act [HMTA].
More Information on the NRT:
Emergency Support Function (ESF) #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials Response Annex to the National Response Framework (NRF) (2015)
The presentation describes the scope of ESF #10 work and related support for
various incidents, from natural disasters to chemical, biological, radiological,
nuclear (CBRN) incidents, under the NRF. The presentation details how the ESF is
organized, special teams and equipment assets, and funding mechanisms.
NRT - NRS Outreach Presentation (2009)
The National Response Team (NRT) – National Response System (NRS) Outreach
presentation provides a thorough review of topics
ranging from the NRS, the NRT and its agency’s assets, Regional Response Teams
(RRTs,) and the National Response Framework (NRF).
NRS Executive Briefing (2017)
The NRS Executive Briefing presentation provides a “10,000
foot view” about the NRS, NRT, and its agencies.
Role of the RRT Factsheet (2001)
Provides a brief overview on the roles and responsibilities of Regional Response
National Response System Brochure (2011)
Provides a general overview of the key components of the National Response
System (NRS) which ensures that threats from hazardous chemical releases, oil
discharges and other toxic spills are effectively managed.
National Response Team Brochure (2011)
Provides a general overview of the key components of the National Response Team
(NRT), which has nationwide responsibilities for interagency planning, policy
guidance and coordination for oil and hazardous substance pollution incidents.
Coordinating Contingency Planning: NRT-RRT Contingency Planning (2000)
Aims to help state and local planners understand the various federal statues and
regulations that must be considered in contingency planning. Also describes
plans regulating the private sector that are useful in public sector planning.
The NRT has three standing committees: Preparedness, Response, and Science and
Technology. When deemed necessary by either individual NRT committees or the NRT
in its entirety, the NRT will establish Ad Hoc committees and/or workgroups to
address issues that exceed the capabilities, resources or available time of its
Preparedness Committee -
Preparedness Committee provides support to On- Scene Coordinators (OSCs) and
Regional Response Teams (RRTs). The purpose of the Preparedness Committee is to
improve both oil and hazardous substance incidents preparedness for the response
system. The Preparedness Committee implements activities designed
- Assist the RRTs
in enhancing their preparedness capabilities.
preparedness for responses to oil and hazardous material
- Prevent spill
impacts to the natural and built
- Reduce safety
hazards to first responders and the public.
Response Committee - The NRT Response Committee
provides support to OSCs and RRTs. The Response Committee also provides the NRT a forum to assess
the effectiveness of oil spill and hazardous substances incident reporting and
response mechanisms established by the National Oil and Hazardous Substances
Contingency Plan (NCP), provides a feedback loop to OSCs and RRTs regarding
their reports of response actions, makes
recommendations regarding improvements to the response system.
Technology Committee -
Science and Technology Committee serves to provide technical support to OSCs and RRTs on issues relating
to oil and hazardous substances releases; on-going, past and proposed research;
developments in technology; and recommendations for future national research and